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Santoor

Santoor

The SwarShala Indian music software includes Santoor and over 80 other perfectly sampled virtual Indian instruments.

About Santoor:

The Santoor instrument is a trapezoid-molded pounded dulcimer and a variety of the Iranian Santur. For the most part, the instrument is made of pecan wood and has twenty-five extensions, each having four strings lying on it. It is played with the assistance of two wooden hammers known as mezrabs.

The Santoor's name comes from Shata-tantra Veena, meaning a Veena of hundred strings. The Santoor has customarily been played in the music of the Kashmir valley as a backup to Sufi music. It was brought into the old-style custom by Pt. Umadutt Sharma, who brought it into Hindustani old-style customs.

As of late, adjusted to Hindustani traditional music, Santoor is an instrument that is among the most remarkable advancements of this century. From the valley of Kashmir, a backup to Sufiana music, it went through a complete change. It arose with a more extensive scope of expressiveness and highlights of a performance Instrument on the global show situation.

It was brought into Hindustani old-style music around 45 to fifty years ago. Although the fundamental construction continues as before, the Santoor adjusted in Hindustani traditional music contrasts from the Sufiana Santoor in numerous ways. Along these lines, the instrument is yet to be normalized. The length, width, and stature of the instrument, number of scaffolds, number of strings, their request and thickness, for example, check, the sitting stance of the player, and the playing procedures differ from one craftsman to another.

Assuming we start with the number of strings and the number of extensions, we would observe that the quantity of strings shifts between eighty to a hundred. In contrast, the number of scaffolds has expanded from twenty-five to twenty-nine or thirty-one. They subsequently differ in the number of strings extended on each scaffold. A few scaffolds have three strings, and some have two. Some craftsmen favor one string to one scaffold in the lower octave for the thick strings.

The soundbox of the old-style Santoor is either made from the wood of the mulberry tree, pecan, or tun. The board (of the two sides) is made of pine wood, pecan, or even compressed wood. It is a combination of this large number of sorts. As a covering for the front, red cedar is likewise utilized once in a while. The scaffolds are made of rosewood, and on the top part of the extensions, little bits of ivory, stag horn, or bone are fixed, which go about as jawari. This is finished with the fine tone of the strings.

These days, plastic and metal are also used for jawari; however, the best effect comes from ivory. Strings are placed in the pins on one side and attached to the tuning stakes, no matter how you look at them.

These pins and stakes are made of iron with chromium covering and tuned with the assistance of a sled-formed tuner. For strikers, pecan wood and rosewood are used for the most part. Now and again, strikers made of mulberry wood are additionally utilized. Strikers of the old-style Santoor are heavier than those used for the Sufiana Santoor, as heavier strikers support the notes.

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